For many of us, the concept of electric vehicles is a relatively new development. Yet, the history of electric cars dates back much further than the 21st century. Today’s article will take you on a journey through time, from the inception of the very first electric car to how this technology has transformed over the years. We will explore the nuances and details of their evolution, shedding light on the challenges and breakthroughs that paved the way for modern electric vehicles.
When was the First Electric Car Made?
The first electric car was created in the mid-19th century. In 1832, Scottish inventor Robert Anderson developed the first crude electric carriage powered by non-rechargeable primary cells. However, it was Thomas Davenport, a blacksmith from Vermont, who built the first practical electric vehicle, a small locomotive, in 1835.
Notably, the production of practical electric vehicles didn’t truly start until the late 19th century, between 1890 and 1930. It was Thomas Parker, a British inventor and innovator, who built the first practical production electric car in London in 1884, using his specially designed high-capacity rechargeable batteries.
The Golden Age of Electric Vehicles (1890-1930)
This era saw a burgeoning interest in electric cars, spurred by their quiet and easy operation compared to the noise, vibration, and smell of gasoline cars. In 1900, electric cars accounted for around a third of all vehicles on the road. This was the era when electric taxis started to appear in London, New York, and other major cities worldwide.
The Decline and Resurgence of Electric Cars
In the 1930s, electric vehicles began to decline due to improvements in internal combustion engines, the discovery of large petroleum reserves, and the development of the electric starter. It wasn’t until the 1970s and 80s, amid growing environmental concerns and escalating oil prices, that interest in electric cars rekindled.
Modern Day Electric Cars: The Turn of the Tide
The 21st century brought a paradigm shift in the automobile industry, with the advent of advanced lithium-ion batteries, lighter vehicle structures, and more efficient electric motors. The unveiling of the Tesla Roadster in 2008 was a game changer, demonstrating that electric vehicles could offer high performance alongside environmentally friendly credentials.
The Future of Electric Cars
Given the current environmental crisis, the demand for sustainable transport is on the rise. In response, auto manufacturers are prioritizing the development of electric cars, and governments worldwide are setting deadlines for phasing out fossil fuel-powered vehicles. As such, we are on the brink of another revolution in personal mobility.
To conclude, the story of electric cars is a tale of ups and downs, full of technical challenges and innovation. While the first electric car was made over a century ago, it is only now that we are truly realizing their potential to transform mobility and combat climate change. From the first rudimentary electric carriages to today’s sleek, high-performance models, electric cars have undeniably come a long way. The future looks bright, with the promise of greater advancements and a cleaner, greener world.